University of Minnesota
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Charles E. Woodward

A Detailed Observational Analysis of V1324 Sco, the Most Gamma-Ray-luminous Classical Nova to Date
Finzell, Thomas; Chomiuk, Laura; Metzger, Brian D.; Walter, Frederick M.; Linford, Justin D.; Mukai, Koji; Nelson, Thomas; Weston, Jennifer H. S.; Zheng, Yong; Sokoloski, Jennifer L.; Mioduszewski, Amy; Rupen, Michael P.; Dong, Subo; Starrfield, Sumner; C, The Astrophysical Journal

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It has recently been discovered that some, if not all, classical novae emit GeV gamma-rays during outburst, but the mechanisms involved in the production ofgamma-rays are still not well understood. We present here a comprehensive multiwavelength data set—from radio to X-rays—for the most gamma-ray-luminous classical nova to date, V1324 Sco. Using this data set, we show that V1324 Sco is a canonical dusty Fe II-type nova, with a maximum ejecta velocity of 2600 km s-1 and an ejecta mass of a few × {10}-5 {M}⊙ . There is also evidence for complex shock interactions, including a double-peaked radio light curve which shows high brightness temperatures at early times. To explore why V1324 Sco was so gamma-ray luminous, we present a model of the nova ejecta featuring strong internal shocks and find that higher gamma-ray luminosities result from higher ejecta velocities and/or mass-loss rates. Comparison of V1324 Sco with other gamma-ray-detected novae does not show clear signatures of either, and we conclude that a larger sample of similarly well-observed novae is needed to understand the origin and variation of gamma-rays in novae.