University of Minnesota
School of Physics & Astronomy
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Oriol T. Valls

Transport in ferromagnet/superconductor spin valves
Evan Moen and Oriol T. Valls, Phys. Rev B 95 054503 (2017)

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We consider charge transport properties in realistic, fabricable, Ferromagnet/Superconductor spin valves having a layered structure $F_1/N/F_2/S$, where $F_1$ and $F_2$ denote the ferromagnets, $S$ the superconductor, and $N$ the normal metal spacer usually inserted in actual devices. Our calculation is fully self-consistent, as required to ensure that conservation laws are satisfied. We include the effects of scattering at all the interfaces. We obtain results for the device conductance $G$, as a function of bias voltage, for all values of the angle $\phi$ between the magnetizations of the $F_1$ and $F_2$ layers and a range of realistic values for the material and geometrical parameters in the sample. We discuss, in the context of our results for $G$, the relative influence of all parameters on the spin valve properties. We study also the spin current and the corresponding spin transfer torque in $F_1/F_2/S$ structures.