Modern-day astrophysics is facing many outstanding scientific questions.
They include the nature of the first stars and galaxies, the physics of the assembly and evolution of massive galaxies, the constraints to dark matter and cosmological model, the demographics of exoplanets and the physics of planet formation.
Progress in these fields is often driven by technological developments. Thanks to a wealth of new instrumentation that will become available in the very next years, we expect to be able to address or to make substantial advances toward the solution of most of these problems.
Crucially, key new technologies in the optical domain involve the use of adaptive optics for ground based telescopes, of which the Large Binocular Telescope is a world-leader.
In my talk I will briefly illustrate some of the “big” scientific questions that are on the table - at least in my personal and biased view - and then present the new technologies and instrumentation -mostly of which developed at LBT - that promise to revolutionize the field in a decade, including some early results from LBT.