University of Minnesota
School of Physics & Astronomy

Physics and Astronomy Colloquium

Thursday, February 8th 2018
3:35 pm:
Speaker: Cristian Batista, University of Tennessee
Subject: Skyrmions and Vortices in Magnetic Systems

The history of magnetism dates back to earlier than 600 b.c., but it is only in the twentieth
century that scientists have begun to understand it, and develop technologies based on this
understanding. The new experimental techniques that were developed over twentieth century
allowed physicists to discover new forms of magnetism that they called “antiferromagnets”.
Unlike ferromagnets, the magnetic moments of antiferromagnets point along different directions
in such a way that the magnetic unit cell has no net magnetic moment. Typical configurations of
antiferromagnets are spiral orderings arising from competing exchange interactions or from the
Ruderman–Kittel–Kasuya–Yosida (RKKY) interaction between magnetic moments embedded
in metallic environments.
The new century started with the observation of a new generation of antiferromagnets
comprising more exotic magnetic textures, such as skyrmion and vortex crystals [1-3]. These
textures were unveiled thanks to the enormous progress made in real and reciprocal space
visualization techniques. We will discuss a few attractive properties of these novel phases and
the simple principles that should guide the experimental search. For instance, we will see that an
external magnetic field can induce a skyrmion crystal phase in hexagonal lattices (lattices with
six equivalent orientations for the spiral ordering) with easy-axis anisotropy [4-10]. Moreover,
we will see that magnetic skyrmions behave as mesoscale particles, which can order in different
three-dimensional structures, such as face centered tetragonal and hexagonal closed packed
crystals [10].
[1] U. Rößler, A. Bogdanov, and C. Pfleiderer, Nature 442, 797 (2006).
[2] A. N. Bogdanov and D. A. Yablonskii, Sov. Phys. JETP 68, 101 (1989).
[3] A. Bogdanov and A. Hubert, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 138, 255 (1994).
[4] S. Hayami, S.-Z. Lin, and C. D. Batista, Phys. Rev. B 93, 184413 (2016).
[5] A. O. Leonov and M. Mostovoy, Nature Communications 6, 8275 (2015).
[6] Shi- Zeng Lin, Satoru Hayami and C. D. Batista, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 187202 (2016).
[7] C. D. Batista, S-Z. Lin, S. Hayami and Y. Kamiya, Reports on Progress in Physics, Volume 79, 8
[9] Satoru Hayami, Shi-Zeng Lin, Yoshitomo Kamiya, and Cristian D. Batista, Phys. Rev. B 94, 174420.
[10] Shi-Zeng Lin and C. D. Batista, arXiv:1707.05818v1.

Faculty Host: Natalia Perkins

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