University of Minnesota
School of Physics & Astronomy

Physics and Astronomy Colloquium

Thursday, November 30th 2017
3:35 pm:
Speaker: Philip Kim, Harvard University
Subject: Unusual quasiparticle correlation in graphene
Fall 2017 Van Vleck Lecturer

Interactions between particles in quantum many-body systems can lead to a collective behavior. In a condensed matter system consisting of weakly interacting particles, a propagating particle interacting with its surroundings can be viewed as a ‘dressed’ quasiparticle with renormalized mass and other dynamic properties. The lack of screening enables strong Coulomb interactions between charged particles, leading to new collective dynamics. In this talk, I will discuss three examples concerning strongly interacting quasiparticles in graphene. In the first example, it will be shown that the thermally populated electrons and holes to realize Dirac fluid, where a huge violation of Wiedemann-Franz law is observed. The second example is realizing magnetoexcitons to correlated the quasiparticles in quantized Landau levels to form magnetoexcitons, which can condense into Bose-Einstein condensation. Finally, we will also discuss another way of correlated quasi-particles in graphene using superconducting proximity effect. Here, we employ the crossed Andreev reflection across thin type II superconducting electrodes to correlated spatially separated quasiparticles. Under strong magnetic fields, the quantum Hall edge states can carry these quasiparticles.

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