University of Minnesota
School of Physics & Astronomy

Condensed Matter Seminar

Thursday, October 30th 2014
1:25 pm:
Condensed Matter Seminar in 210 Physics
Speaker: Thomas Vojta, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Subject: Quantum phase transitions and disorder: Griffiths singularities, infinite randomness, and smearing

Phase transitions are fascinating phenomena in nature with consequences
ranging from the large scale structure of the universe to exotic quantum phases
at low temperatures. Many realistic systems contain impurities, defects and
other forms of quenched disorder. This talk explores the consequences of such
randomness on the properties of phase transitions.
At zero-temperature quantum phase transitions, randomness can have
particularly peculiar and strong effects. Often, rare strong disorder fluctuations and the rare spatial regions that support them dominate the physics close to the transition. They give rise to strong singularities in the free energy, the so-called quantum-Griffiths singularities. In some systems such as metallic magnets, the effects of are fluctuations can be even stronger, leading to a destruction of the phase transition by smearing. These general results are illustrated using experiments in transition metal alloys and heavy fermion systems.

Faculty Host: Rafael Fernandes

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